Mount Vesuvius – things you should know before your visit
The Mount Vesuvius, also known as Vesuvio or found written as Mt. Vesuvius and Mt Vesuvius is a truly active volcano located above the Bay of Naples.
Worldwide known for having destroyed the Roman city of Pompeii in 79 A.D. in less than 2 days. The volcano ash buried the site giving us a well-preserved portrait of what life was during the Roman Empire. Apart from this, on the faces of dead people, whose bodies are still entire, it’s easy to read the terror and the fear for the coming catastrophe.
Mount Vesuvius is a relatively young volcano, that has been dormant for entire centuries. The volcano is 1281 meters tall, its semicircular ridge, Mount Somma is 1132 meters and the valley in between is the Giant’s Valley.
Even after the remarkable eruption that brought Pompeii citizens to death, there have been several eruptions, the last serious one in 1944.
It’s incredible to think that Neapolitan people consider this giant and dangerous volcano a “protector of the city“, a symbol which they are pretty proud of. On the slopes of Mount Vesuvius live more than two million people and that’s probably the reason why it is classed as high dangerous volcano.
In addition, experts volcanologists have classed it as complex stratovolcano because of its explosive eruption and because of the pyroclastic flows (a mix of lava, volcanic gas, pumice and ash).
Mt Vesuvius has begun to be effectively studied just at the end of the 18th century and the first observatory was opened just in 1845.
Anyway, as we said before, the city is deeply emotionally attached to the giant mount overlooking all the bay from its top. In addition, the soil on Mt. Vesuvius is particularly fertile, and before the other significant eruption of 1631 there were rich forests and 3 lakes.
Current status of Mount Vesuvius
Today the slopes of the Vesuvius are covered with vineyards from whose grapes is made the renewed Lacryma Christi, a ruby red wine which legend tells to have been born from Jesus tears (in italian “lacrime“).
There have been a hundred earthquakes around Mount Vesuvius, the last serious one in 1999.
Another important fact has to be dated in 2016 when new excavations of Pompeii reveled new victims of the 79 A.D. catastrophe.
In conclusion must be said that on June 1995 was founded the Vesuvius National Park, a project that is aimed to preserve all the rich nature treasure Mt Vesuvius has to offer, with its many animal and plants species and biotipes.
Remember as well to wear comfortable shoes and make sure to plan your visit when there’s not rain; because of security reasons, it’s forbidden to climb the crater then there’s heavy rain, and we assure you, this silent and breathtaking friend of Naples definitely deserves a visit!