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The Phlegrean Fields Tour: a volcanic visit!

solfataraThe Phlegrean Fields are a volcanic area located west of the city of Naples, among the Gulf of Pozzuoli, Mount of Procida and the Fusaro area. They extend to the hills of Posillipo, Camaldoli and Quarto to the Acropolis of Cuma. The area is of great geological interest given the vigorously volcanic nature of the Phlegrean area. It also has a great historical significance, being in a strategic position to several routes.

In the area, there are numerous craters and small volcanic buildings (at least twenty-four), some of which have effusive gases (Solfatara) or hydrothermal activity (Agnano, Pozzuoli, Lucrino).

The route from Naples to the Phlegrean Fields is not very long and is very enjoyable. Among the many human works to be visited in the area, the tour may start from the visit of the Solfatara, a crater still active but in a quiescence state, about 3 km from the city of Pozzuoli. The visit will take you to the inside of the crater and walk among the fumaroles. A Solfatara is, therefore, a volcanic zone with many fumaroles emitting gases with a high sulphur content. And it takes its name from the Solfatara of the Pozzuoli area, in the Phlegraean Fields.

Before arriving at the fumarole area, you have to pass through the Solfatara Naturalistic Oasis, made of Mediterranean scrub and oak forests. It will be a volcanic adventure!

After experiencing the Solfatara and its distinctive sulphur smell, it is worth visiting the Flavian Amphitheater, a Roman amphitheatre built in the 1st century AD and the third largest after the Colosseum and the Amphitheater Campano.

In the underground, about 7 meters deep, some parts of the gears that lift the cages carrying the wild beasts in the arena, are still visible.

Archaeological excavations began in 1839 but, only in 1947, after new excavations, the monument was definitively released from all the debris.

During your tour of the Phlegrean Fields, don’t forget to stop at the ancient city of Cumae to visit the Acropolis and the Cave of the Sybil, mentioned by the poet Homero. The archaeological site of Cuma lies between Bacoli and Pozzuoli. It was the oldest colony and the farthest from the motherland. The name Cumae comes from Greek and means “wave”. Its location was strategic considering the city on a hill near the sea.

Underwater Archaeological Park and Archaeological Museum of the Phlegrean Fields

Before returning to the hotel, do not miss a visit to Baia, a beautiful seaside village, in an area that at the time of the Romans was a key strategic port. Baia is also famous for an Underwater Archaeological Park in perfect condition, and for the Archaeological Museum of the Phlegrean Fields, located in the Aragonese Castle overlooking the entire bay.

The Phlegrean Fields are a territory of strong energy that deserves to be seen. Book now the tour of the Phlegrean Fields!