Naples faces directly to the sea, but what many don’t know is that the port of Naples is one of the most ancient in Europe. Its history is fascinating, characterized and enriched by all the changes the city went through across its path.
History of the port of Naples
The harbor was originally founded by the Greeks. More precisely, a group happened to land on the coast of what today is called Cuma. The group decided to expand eastwards, that’s when they founded a new port in Neapolis (which means “new city”). After the Greek domination, the port was expanded by Romans but it was with Angevins and Bourbons that it reached its maximum splendor.
For instance, after Greek and Roman dominations, the port has always been a military one. However, over time it acquired more and more a key role in maritime traffic and commerce, assuming increasing importance and becoming one of the main ports of the Mediterranean.
For example under the kingdom of the Angevin and then the Aragonese, there has been the creation of the Angevin wharf opposite the Angevin Male and a new arm, the so-called Alfonsino arm, eastward from the great pier during Spanish domination.
Port of Naples today
Most maritime traffic is concentrated in the two most important and central piers.
The Angioino pier, intended for the landing of cruise ships, with the famous Maritime Station. The Molo Beverello, here the hydrofoils that connect Naples with the islands of the Gulf (Capri, Ischia, Procida) dock. Calata di Massa, from here ferries and fast ships leave.
The port of Naples is located in front of the city center, many places of historical and artistic interest are therefore quite close and within walking distance.
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